There are a number of possible s19AB exemptions including:
After-hours exemption – the after-hours period is considered an Australia-wide DWS for all medical specialties and is defined as 6pm to 8am Monday to Friday, all day Saturday and Sunday, and on public holidays. As such, you are generally able to obtain an s19AB exemption to access Medicare benefits during these times, Australia-wide.
Locum exemption – you may be eligible for an s19AB exemption to access Medicare benefits in a non-DWS location for a maximum of six months. After the six-month period is reached you will no longer be able to work at that particular location while still subject to s19AB.
Replacement provision – you may be able to replace a restricted medical practitioner who held an s19AB exemption if they ceased practicing in that local area within the last 12 months.
Spousal exemption – you may be able to access Medicare benefits in a non-DWS area if your spouse is already doing so, or is a skilled migrant who is employed in an occupation (other than a medical practitioner) which is listed on the Short-Term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL) or the Medium and Long-Term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL).
Academic provision - if you have been offered an academic appointment with an Australian medical school, you may be eligible to access Medicare benefits at the university health clinic tied to that institution.
Class exemption – The following specialties are covered by a class exemption and considered are DWS Australia-wide:
- General medicine
- Cardiothoracic surgery
- Otolaryngology – head and neck surgery
- Gastroenterology and Hepatology
- Intensive care medicine
- Medical oncology
- Orthopaedic surgery
- General paediatrics
- Paediatric surgery
- Plastic and reconstructive surgery
- Thoracic medicine
- Vascular surgery
If you obtained a full-time ongoing s19AB exemption to practice at a particular location, you are generally also able to access Medicare benefits at another location in the same area, on the basis that you are already contributing to the Medicare billing statistics within the area.